Goldfish care and advice

Goldfish – Care and Advice

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There is a wide variety of colorful fish that you can keep as a pet in a nice aquarium at home. However, each one in particular has different and unique characteristics that you need to know to take good care of them, the most popular one is goldfish. This article will help with your goldfish care and advice plan.

For many years, man has been breeding fish in home aquariums, producing variations in the colors of the different species. Remember that intense color in the animal kingdom has a peculiar function: to call attention to the opposite sex or to alert potential predators to danger.

Besides the colors, these wonderful fish have other characteristics that make their presence stand out in any aquarium; for example, their long fins, the configuration of their eyes or their peculiar movements when swimming.

  • different types of goldfish
  • care and advice for goldfish

Origin of domestic goldfish

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Most of the colorful fish bred to live in captivity originated in China, and there are more than 300 species with their variants. In the wild, there are millions of species of goldfish, in a variety of sizes and shapes, all of which are bred to camouflage themselves from predators and protect themselves from them.

Most species of domestic goldfish that are bred in homes are fairly easy to care for; they do not demand much time and very little expense. However, there are some species that require special care because they are poisonous.

To learn more about how to care for goldfish, here is a list of the most beautiful and well-known fish with a short description of them. In addition, we will also give you some useful tips so that you can choose your ideal pet, learn how to feed the fish and take care of them in general.

Instructions

Domestic goldfish are very easy to care for and purchase in any pet store. They are ideal for children and usually do not generate much expense. However, there is a variety that is quite appreciated by goldfish lovers that cannot be purchased in stores. This is because they are exotic, poisonous or difficult to care for, and are not sold to just anyone.

So that you can decide to have a beautiful goldfish as a pet in your home aquarium, here is a list of the most popular goldfish that you will love.

The Rainbow Fish

It’s a kind of fresh water of its own. It is usually between 6 and 12 cm long. You can find specimens of up to 20 cm. of this beautiful fish only in the variety Melanotaenia vanheurni.

Rainbow fish are the most popular for lovers of domestic colored fish; they stand out in aquariums because of their deteriorating colors along their body. They are usually sold with a blue-eyed Pseudomugil, because they share similar features and for their breeding they share similar habitat characteristics.

In the wild, they can be found in the Ajamaru, Aitinjo and Hain lakes of the Vogelkop Peninsula. It is a natural fish of shallow and above all very clean waters, with a lot of aquatic flora. For this reason, to take care of some species of rainbow fish at home, you will need to recreate these conditions of their habitat in the aquarium. Therefore, sufficient space, water filtration and cleaning of the aquarium are essential for the rainbow fish to develop its colours properly.

Good feeding of the rainbow fish is essential for its colours to unfold properly. It is therefore important that you feed it dry, frozen or even live food very regularly.

The mandarin fish

Also known as Mandarin gudgeon. It is small, very brightly coloured and belongs to the family of little dragons. It is also one of the most popular saltwater aquarium fish. The Mandarin fish is native to the Pacific Ocean, which can be found from the Ryukyu Islands to southern Australia.

Its elongated body, protruding eyes and dorsal fins mark a characteristic feature of the fish. They can reach 6 cm long. As for the shades of its colouring, the striking green, orange and yellow stripes stand out, with a blue background.

Its diet is based primarily on small crustaceans and some other invertebrates. This fish does not require very special care to keep them in an aquarium, however, the proper cleaning of the aquarium is something that can not be left out.

The Clown Fish

Also called anemone fish. It is a beautiful fish that is yellow or orange with white stripes, with black color along its fins. They can also have black and yellow body with orange, all depending on the species of clown fish, because they have different designs and colors.

This fish is very loved by children and they are very showy in aquariums. The biggest ones reach a size of 18 centimeters; while the youngest ones manage to reach about 10 centimeters.

The Sea horse

This curious little animal is not a fish itself, but it does appeal to lovers of goldfish. It belongs to the family of the signatids, has the body surrounded by bony rings and a strange prehensile tail.

It also has a snout and a curious little crown on its head. Its coloration is not as intense as its shape, but the combination of them makes it a perfect choice to have as a pet.

Some are somewhat colorful, but they are usually white or dark brown, with contrasting transverse stripes. The most wonderful thing about the color of seahorses is that if they are exposed to intense light they acquire a lighter shade. On the other hand, they can reach 25 cm long and the males are the ones that incubate the eggs.

The betta Fish

Also known as the Siamese fighting fish. This fish is one of the most popular species of goldfish among freshwater fish. Belonging to the family Osphronemidae and classified among the Anabantidae, it is native to Asia, specifically located in the Mekong Basin.

Its natural coloration is beautiful, ranging from a bluish green to an intense brown, with interesting long fins that have shades of violet, fuchsias and range of soft greens. In the wild, its fins are rather short and not so showy. The betta fish is very territorial and temperamental, so it is necessary not to crowd the aquarium with fish, especially since it usually fights and kills its opponents. Generally, they are kept in separate aquariums.

In the wild, they feed on small living creatures such as mosquito larvae, but domesticated fish eat dry food with no problem.

The Emperor Angelfish

This colorful fish is very popular among divers. However, there is a difference between the youngest and the adult fish. The youngest are the most beautiful.

They have a deep blue color, with indigo blue and white rings, while the more adult fish have yellow and blue stripes, with a black color around the eyes.

In general, they can reach up to 40 cm long. It feeds on small crustaceans like sea sponges in the wild, but in the domestic state it eats dry food especially for it without any problems.

The Lion Fish

It is one of the most striking fish for its shape and coloring, but it is certainly not a fish for children to have as a pet. Its highly poisonous condition in the marine environment of its spines is something you must take into account.

For this reason, to keep this fish in an aquarium you must take the appropriate safety measures. First of all, the aquarium should have a lid or grate, to prevent it from jumping out or someone putting their hand in and pricking themselves with its poisonous spines. Although the lionfish’s bite is deadly to man, it is very painful; it causes vomiting, fever and significant breathing difficulties. However, we could not leave them out of this list, because they are beautiful and very colorful fish.

The Parrot Fish

They are called parrots because they have calcareous beaks, something similar to birds. The popular parrot fish uses its beak to feed on small coral invertebrates; they chew on the coral in order to eat these invertebrates, and then spit out the remains or excess calcium.

Among its species you will get varied colorations; some are pale red, brown, violet, gray, green, blue or even bright yellow with pink spots.

Their natural habitat is not difficult to imitate in an aquarium, because they are found in tropical reefs, typical of all the oceans of the world. There are approximately 80 species, and they can reach up to 120 centimeters long

The Surgeon Fish

They are quiet creatures, staying in groups or colonies. In their natural habitat they prefer to be surrounded by their own species, but bred in captivity they relate very well to other specimens.

These fish are of salty water and inhabit coral reefs, preferring the outermost areas of the colors, are located at shallow depths, between 40 and 2 meters above the surface because they like to receive direct sunshine. They are native to Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Madagascar and Japan, among other countries.

┬áIf you want to keep a surgeon fish as a pet, the first thing you need is to have an aquarium large enough, at least between 200 and 400 liters. Each surgeonfish needs about 20 liters of water, so you will guarantee enough space for its development. As it ages, the intensity of the blue colour of the surgeonfish’s body increases.

The Butterfly Fish

Belonging to the Chaetodontidae family, it is a tropical fish. You can find it mainly in Atlantic, Pacific and Indian reefs. They are really small, reaching only 12 cm with a maximum of 22 cm long. There are approximately 127 identified species, distributed in nine genera.

These beautiful ones, have resplendent colors with striated and spotted patterns in black, white, orange, blue, red and yellow. Many have beautiful circles to highlight the eyes, very similar to the patterns that butterflies have on their wings. In addition, their laterally compressed bodies make them simply visible on reefs when they are on their side.

They use their intense colors as a language to communicate with each other, live in community, and feed on algae. This fish is widely used in aquariums and does not require special care to keep them as pets.

The Goldfish

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goldfish care and advice

Belonging to the Chaetodontidae family, it is a tropical fish. You can find it mainly in Atlantic, Pacific and Indian reefs. They are really small, reaching only 12 cm with a maximum of 22 cm long. There are approximately 127 identified species, distributed in nine genera.

These beautiful ones, have resplendent colors with striated and spotted patterns in black, white, orange, blue, red and yellow. Many have beautiful circles to highlight the eyes, very similar to the patterns that butterflies have on their wings. In addition, their laterally compressed bodies make them simply visible on reefs when they are on their side.

They use their intense colors as a language to communicate with each other, live in community, and feed on algae. This fish is widely used in aquariums and does not require special care to keep them as pets.

What you need

  • First of all, you must have knowledge about the different varieties of goldfish in order to keep them in captivity.
  • To have an aquarium and everything that requires it, such as grids, filter, oxygenator.
  • You must buy specific fish food for each species.
  • Comply with safety requirements for the breeding and care of poisonous fish.
  • Keep a first aid kit on hand.

Advice

  • The color of the fish will depend on the conditions of the habitat and the feeding.
  • Remember that in order to have a goldfish that is poisonous like the lionfish, you must have some safety measures to take care of them. For example, use thick gloves to move the fish from one aquarium to another, put a lid or grate on the aquarium and avoid touching it.
  • Cleaning the aquarium is essential for any type of fish. Changing the water regularly, using filters and not putting in excess food is very important.
  • Some fish need to receive sunlight, because we recommend that you place your aquarium near a window so that some rays of sunlight can enter through the glass.

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